Location, size and extent

DR Congo is the world’s largest producer of cobalt from mines.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is situated in central Africa and is crossed by the equator in its north-central region. It is the third-largest country on the continent, covering an area of 2,345,410 sq km (905,568 sq mi), with a length of 2,276 km (1,414 mi) sse–nnw and a width of 2,236 km (1,389 mi) East North East–West South West. Comparatively, the area occupied by the country is slightly less than one-quarter the size of the United States, or about as large as the United States east of the Mississippi River.

On then it is bounded by the Central African Republic, on the North East by Sudan, on the East by Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and Tanzania, on these and South by Zambia, on the South West by Angola, and on the West by the Cabinda enclave of Angola and the Republic of the Congo (ROC), with a total boundary length of 10,744 km (6,661 mi). Its extreme western portion is a narrow wedge terminating in a strip of coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. The DROC and Zambia dispute the border to the east of Lake Mweru. Kinshasa, the capital, is located in the western part of the country.

The Mining industry of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is a significant factor in the world’s production of cobalt, copper, diamond, tantalum, tin, and gold as well. It is the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s largest source of export income.

DRC had an estimated $24 trillion in untapped mineral deposits

In 2009, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) had an estimated $24 trillion in untapped mineral deposits, including the world’s largest reserves of coltan and significant quantities of the world’s cobalt.

The Mining industry of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is a significant factor in the world’s production of cobalt, copper, diamond, tantalum, tin, and gold as well. It is the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s largest source of export income.

Statistics show the mine production of cobalt in the Democratic Republic of Congo from 2008 to 2017, in metric tons. In 2017, mine production of cobalt in DR Congo totalled some 64,000 metric tons. Recently, worldwide production of cobalt has exceeded consumption which has decreased prices for the mineral. DR Congo is the world’s largest producer of cobalt from mines.

Cobalt supply and processing